Sabino Berthelot was born in Marseille (France) in 1794, but spent much of his life in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, where he died in 1880. This illustrious naturalist and anthropologist first travelled to the Island in 1820. His work includes the most thorough analysis of Canarian nature of his time: “Natural History of the Canary Islands”, which he wrote together with Philip Barker Webb; as well as an anthropological catalogue of the archipelago: “Ethnography”. He also served in the Napoleonic wars, was the director of the Botanical Gardens in Puerto de la Cruz and worked as a Consul for the French government. Sabino Berthelot is considered the father of physical anthropology.